AZ Land Surveying

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This weeks Land Surveyor's Look at Arizona's Past...

Chapter 05 Land Surveyor Weekly From #03 - That portion of the Territory north of a line drawn east and west from Prescott, is called by Lieutenant Wheeler, in his excellent report to the War Department, in 1871, the Colorado Plateau . He says : This vast plateau extends over the whole of Northern Arizona, from near Hualapai valley to the east. Throughout its whole extent, at least that portion which I traveled over, the rolling hills are, as a general thing, covered with grass. In this belt of country there are several prominent elevated mountain peaks. The San Francisco has the greatest altitude of any in the Territory, rising about 13,000 feet above the level of the sea. There is very little regularity to the mountains of Arizona. The plateau above referred to, has an elevation of 6,000 to 7,000 feet, and the most prominent mountain peaks or ranges are the San Francisco, Bill Williams, Mount Floyd, Mt. Kendrick, Humphreys Peak, Cerbat Range, Juniper Range and Black Forest.

East of the Verde and south of a line drawn east from Prescott and north of the Gila, are the Pinal, Apache, Mazatzal, Sierra Ancha, Mogollon and White Mountains. These mountains are mostly covered with excellent timber, and the mountains and high table lands are covered with grass. It may be truly said that these mountains have been not only a home, but the stronghold of the Apaches. The country is difficult of access and contains caverns and perpendicular gorges with which the Apaches were familiar, and from which for centuries they have sallied forth to murder and rob the people of Arizona, Sonora and Chihuahua; and until Gen. Crook, about a year ago, penetrated these mountain fastnesses with his troops and Indian allies, they had been masters of the situation, and had successfully resisted all attempts to dislodge them. There are still a few roving Apaches in these mountains, but the number is too small for them to undertake raiding upon the surrounding country, and scouting parties are constantly pursuing them, and they will soon be exterminated if they do not surrender and consent to live at peace on the Reservations.

A large portion of the country above described is known to contain gold, silver, copper, lead and iron ores, in greater or less abundance ; good coal, and large deposits of pure salt have also been found; but until recently there has been no opportunity to prospect the region, except with a large party, and by such very few discoveries have ever been made.

A line drawn west from Prescott to the Colorado and east to the Verde, and including that country west of the Verde and east of the Colorado and north of the Gila, may be described as follows: The northeastern part is a high plateau, well timbered and covered with grass, and contains many productive valleys; the most prominent mountain ranges or peaks are the Bradshaw, Granite and Antelope. The country gradually descends on the west over rolling hills, then broad plains, with here and there isolated ragged mountains to the Colorado river, the country being mostly covered with grass and well adapted to stock-raising; and south with a gradual descent over about the same kind of country into the valleys of Salt and Gila rivers.

The country south of the Gila to the Sonora line, and east of the Colorado to New Mexico, may be described as composed of vast plains with numerous broken mountains, in every shape, and running in all directions. The largest and most prominent mountains in this section are the Chiricahua, Huachuca, Santa Rita, Patagonia, Dragoon, Graham, Turnbull and San Catariua.

The Santa Rita is the highest of these mountains, and is supposed to be about 10,000 feet above the level of the sea. Many of the above mountains are covered with forests of excellent timber, while the plains are well wooded with mesquite and live oaks. Nearly the whole country is covered with excellent grass, and gold, silver, copper and lead abound in all of them. Many old abandoned mines are found that were worked centuries ago, the work probably having been stopped by the hostile Apaches. The agricultural valleys of this region will be described hereafter.

About The Historical Texts

Following is the list of uncopyrighted publications used for the History of Arizona and the Southwest. All can be easily found on-line in PDF format. Sorted by publication date they are:

  1. The Memoir of the Proposed Territory of Arizona - 1857 | By Sylvester Mowry
  2. Arizona and Sonora - 1863 | By Sylvester Mowry
  3. The Territory of Arizona_1874 | By Arizona Legislative Assembly
  4. Resources of Arizona - 1881 | By Arizona Legislative Assembly
  5. The History of Arizona and New Mexico, Volume 17 - 1889 - (Arizona Portion) | By Hubert Howe Bancroft
  6. Titan of Chasms the Grand Canyon - 1906 | By C.A. Higgins, J.W. Powell, Chas.F.Lumins
  7. Reminiscences of a Soldiers Wife - 1907 - (Arizona Portion) | By Ellen McGowan Biddle
  8. The First Through the Grand Canyon - 1915 | By Major John Wesley Powell
  9. The History of Arizona, Volume 1 - 1915 (starting Chapter VII) | By Thomas Edwin Farish
  10. The History of Arizona, Volume 2 - 1915 | By Thomas Edwin Farish
  11. The History of Arizona, Volume 3 - 1916 | By Thomas Edwin Farish
  12. The History of Arizona, Volume 4 - 1916 | By Thomas Edwin Farish
  13. The History of Arizona, Volume 5 - 1918 | By Thomas Edwin Farish
  14. The History of Arizona, Volume 6 - 1918 | By Thomas Edwin Farish
  15. The History of Arizona, Volume 7 - 1918 | By Thomas Edwin Farish
  16. The History Of Arizona, Volume 8 - 1918 | By Thomas Edwin Farish
  17. Arizona the Wonderland - 1917 | By George Wharton James
  18. The Story of Arizona - 1919 | By Will H. Robinson

See our Arizona Land Surveyors weekly Look into Arizona's past.................
Chapter 05 Land Surveyor Weekly From #03 - That portion of the Territory north of a line drawn east and west from Prescott, is called by Lieutenant Wheeler, in his excellent report to the War Department, in 1871, the Colorado Plateau . He says : This vast plateau extends over the whole of Northern Arizona, from near Hualapai valley to the east. Throughout its whole extent, at least that portion which I traveled over, the rolling hills are, as a general thing, covered with .........Continue to complete Chapter of our Arizona Land Surveyors weekly.

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