AZ Land Surveying Company, Arizona Land Surveyor

Arizona Land Surveyor
AZ Land Surveying

Phone: (623) 414-9571 - (602) 788-9520

This weeks Land Surveyor's Look at Arizona's Past...

Chapter 21 Land Surveyor Weekly From #02: The Major Emory Address before the Geographical Society, 1859: Ures is a small city of about seven thousand inhabitants, and is situated about sixty leagues from Guaymas. Hermosillo is the largest city, containing from fourteen to fifteen thousand inhabitants. It is the centre of commerce. It is one hundred and ten miles north of Guaymas. The next in size and importance is Heal de Alamos, situated on the frontiers of Sinaloa: it contains from five to six thousand inhabitants ; it is the centre of a large mining district, as its name implies — Real meaning town or city of mines.

Oposura, Saguaripa, Rayon, St. Miguel, and Arispe, the ancient capital of Sonora, are large towns, with populations of from four to five thousand each. The entire population of Sonora does not exceed one hundred and thirty-five thousand, comprising Mexicans (jente de razon)^ Opatas, Yaquis, Mayos, Taumales, and Papagos : this population, instead of increasing, is decreasing — the Apaches, revolutions, and emigrations to California and Arizona producing this effect ; and in a few years, if some change does not take place, Sonora will become depopulated.

Mr. Hall, the friend to whom I am indebted for many of these notes, says ; After so many years' residence among them, I naturally feel an interest in their welfare, firmly believing that the grain of gold in their character among so much dross is worthy of seeking out, and will repay the finders. The United States could do it, and would to God it should be so; and I and many others will be found ready to cooperate in any just and honest mode of bringing round a mutual good understanding But one conclusion can be drawn of the State of Sonora, and that is, in order to redeem to the Sonoranese his character, life, and fortune, it is necessary to subject or utterly annihilate the savage Apache, who has served as the destroying angel to this fine country. It is the most sure and ready way to gain the eternal gratitude and friendship of the people, and annexation of one of the richest countries in the known world, which will also serve as another connecting link of the great chain of commerce with the Indies.

Velasco says, in concluding his review of Sonora and the Sonoranese : In truth this is a most sorrowful scene; it horrors one to consider the state of prostration which we are now in, by the continued bad feeling of party, which keeps us savage in civil war, and all the while forgetting our own interests. For parties to harass each other mutually; for brother to slaughter brother to satisfy revenge, etc., in a moment, are formed enthusiastic masses ; but the same does not happen when the common enemy is to be punished, who are now with gigantic strides destroying the country. Until the Sonoranese shall know that as long as they do not bury in the fold of their country, and each one give a brotherly embrace in good faith, we shall continue to be the plaything of passions the most strong and savage.

About The Historical Texts

Following is the list of uncopyrighted publications used for the History of Arizona and the Southwest. All can be easily found on-line in PDF format. Sorted by publication date they are:

  1. The Memoir of the Proposed Territory of Arizona - 1857 | By Sylvester Mowry
  2. Arizona and Sonora - 1863 | By Sylvester Mowry
  3. The Territory of Arizona_1874 | By Arizona Legislative Assembly
  4. Resources of Arizona - 1881 | By Arizona Legislative Assembly
  5. The History of Arizona and New Mexico, Volume 17 - 1889 - (Arizona Portion) | By Hubert Howe Bancroft
  6. Titan of Chasms the Grand Canyon - 1906 | By C.A. Higgins, J.W. Powell, Chas.F.Lumins
  7. Reminiscences of a Soldiers Wife - 1907 - (Arizona Portion) | By Ellen McGowan Biddle
  8. The First Through the Grand Canyon - 1915 | By Major John Wesley Powell
  9. The History of Arizona, Volume 1 - 1915 (starting Chapter VII) | By Thomas Edwin Farish
  10. The History of Arizona, Volume 2 - 1915 | By Thomas Edwin Farish
  11. The History of Arizona, Volume 3 - 1916 | By Thomas Edwin Farish
  12. The History of Arizona, Volume 4 - 1916 | By Thomas Edwin Farish
  13. The History of Arizona, Volume 5 - 1918 | By Thomas Edwin Farish
  14. The History of Arizona, Volume 6 - 1918 | By Thomas Edwin Farish
  15. The History of Arizona, Volume 7 - 1918 | By Thomas Edwin Farish
  16. The History Of Arizona, Volume 8 - 1918 | By Thomas Edwin Farish
  17. Arizona the Wonderland - 1917 | By George Wharton James
  18. The Story of Arizona - 1919 | By Will H. Robinson

The majority of the publications listed here were written with the intent to be historically accurate. This is not an attempt to make a point of historical fact by providing this information. It is intended to simply share what is documented about the American Southwest, primarily on the Arizona Territorial area.

There are no living people to speak for the time period related here. We must use recorded information to look into that era. The point-of-view of today is different from those living then. The intent here is not to provide an opinion. If one spends time reading the material listed, it will be enlightening as to life in the untamed Territory of Arizona as it was in the minds of the people of at that era.

Regarding the stories of the all of people in the Territory of Arizona it can bring out all emotions. From sympathy to anger and sadness to admiration, you will feel something. It is difficult to imagine what it would be like to be living here, or traveling through, at different times in the past. It is hopeful that all will find a least find some amusement looking through the window of the past provided here.

A little about the Arizona Land Surveyors of yester-year

It was a rough life for the Land Surveyor of yester-year. The Survey party that was sent out then consisted of a large crew. Usually between 5-7 men. There was a head Land Surveyor along with a couple of Land Surveyor trainees which pulled the chain. The chain was an actual 66 foot long chain, with 100 links, used to measure distance. It looks similar to what holding the flags at the base of the page. There were laborers to help clear trees and brush out of the way. Given the crude equipment of the time, it is amazing how accurate some of the old Land Surveyor's measurements were.

Land Surveying in Arizona Started in 1866. From a report in 1867 by Joseph S. Wilson, Commissioner of the General Land Office : "A contract was entered into with Deputy Surveyor William H. Pierce on the 15th day of December, 1866, for the survey in Arizona of 96 miles of the Gila and Salt River Meridian; 36 miles of the base line and standard and exterior township boundary lines, to amount in the aggregate to a sum not exceeding $7,500. Mr. Pierce completed the survey of the meridian from the initial corner north 24 miles, the base line from the same corner east 36 miles, and the first standard parallel north along the south boundary of township 5 north, east 42 miles, and west 42 miles, when the military protection which had been furnished him was withdrawn, and he was compelled to quit the field, the Indians infesting the country, rendering it unsafe and impracticable to continue the work without military escort. At his request, and by your order, Mr. Pierce has been released from further obligation to prosecute the work under his contract."


Peek at our Arizona Land Surveyors weekly Look into the Past of Arizona...

Chapter 21 Land Surveyor Weekly From #02: The Major Emory Address before the Geographical Society, 1859: Ures is a small city of about seven thousand inhabitants, and is situated about sixty leagues from Guaymas. Hermosillo is the largest city, containing from fourteen to fifteen thousand inhabitants. It is the centre of

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